Prof. Mohammed Salifu, Head of Department
The Department has a very strong reputation for carrying out researches and collaborating with other institutions on some projects. Being the first department in the College of Engineering, it works in close collaboration with local industry and is therefore constantly in tune with the demands of industry. The Department is well represented on various national and international committees, reflecting its reputation and ensuring its continuing influence on the civil engineering profession. The Department continues to make progress in the development of partnerships with international institutions for research and training. The following are programme / projects currently running in the department.
Highway and Transportation Engineering
This group focuses on the application of technology and scientific principles to the planning, functional, design, operation and management of facilities for any mode of transportation in order to provide for the safe, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, and environmentally compatible movement of people and goods.
Geotechnical Engineering Research Group
The group focuses on research into the engineering behaviour of earth materials. The research is applied in mining, petroleum and any other engineering concerned with construction on or in the ground. The Geo Research Group (Geogroup) in the Department, is made up of Prof. Samuel I.K. Ampadu, Dr. Frederick Owusu-Nimo and Mr. V. K. Acquaah. However, in the implementation of research, the Geogroup is a much larger group and includes participation of other research groups and technical staff of the Soils laboratory. From outside KNUST Prof. Fred Boadu of Duke University also participates as an Adjunct Professor to the College. Currently, the Geogroup focuses on three key Research Areas. Namely;
Water Resources Engineering Research Group
This relates to the prediction and management of both quality and quantity of water in both underground(aquifers) and above ground (lakes, rivers, and streams) resources. Water resource engineers analyse and model very small to very large areas of the earth to predict the amount and content of water as it flows into, through or out of a facility. The research interests of the group span a range of topics which fall under these two broad thematic areas:
Also across these two broad thematic areas is the cross cutting theme of understanding the nature of hydrologic variability and change (Theme 2) as they are related to changing climate and land cover/land use and its impact on Water Resources Management (Theme 1). Research is carried out through a combination of hydrologic modeling, laboratory and field works, stakeholder involvement as well as the use of cutting-edge technologies in hydro-geophysics and remote sensing. The following are Ongoing and Proposed Research Projects under this group
The following are summaries of Grant Awarded Projects in the Department
West Africa Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adopted Land use (WASCAL)
WASCAL is a large-scale research-focused programme funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research designed to develop effective adaptation and mitigation measures to climate change. Its overall objective is to enhance the resilience of human and environmental systems to climate change and increased climate variability. This initiative seeks to give support to West African universities to synergise their efforts on a regional basis and maximise their capabilities to improve the training in land use, climate change and geosciences for better overall results and increased benefit to West Africa. The programme ultimately aims at strengthening the research, educational and policy capacity and competency of West-African countries to deal with issues of climate change through adapted land use on a scientific basis in partnership with German institutions. Prof. S. N. Odai, Project Director
Scientists Networked for Outcomes from Water and Sanitation (SNOWS)
African SNOWS Consortium established in August 2009 by a 5-year grant from the Wellcome Trust aims to build African capacity for interdisciplinary research in Water Supply, Sanitation and Environmental Health, bringing together universities from across the continent, with research active universities in the North. The primary focus of the consortium is to build capacity in research that leads to improved Public Health. This consortium links nine universities from 7 countries (6 African Universities from countries and 3 European Universities from 2 countries) under the name Scientists Networked for Outcomes from Water and Sanitation, SNOWS.
The project is hosted at the Civil Engineering Department, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) in Ghana under the directorship of Prof Samuel Nii Odai. Member institutions are: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (Ghana), Egerton University (Kenya), London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (UK), Mbarara University of Science and Technology, (Uganda), Tshwane University of Technology (South Africa), University of Copenhagen (Denmark), University of East Anglia (UK), University of Gezira (Sudan), University of Venda, (South Africa). The consortium seeks to provide internally excellent Africa-based research that will enable all African children to realise their maximum potential through sustainable water supply, sanitation and hygiene delivery. Prof. S. N. Odai, Project Director
Within the last year, the following activities have been undertaken. SNOWS KNUST, Egerton, and MUST together with the Centre for Science and Health Communication, Ghana have jointly received a grant of £29,989 towards Public engagement between scientists and Journalists. This award will seek to educate scientists on how to communicate their research output to the media and also how journalists can in turn communicate research findings in a coherent manner.
Africa Centres of Excellence (ACE)
African Centres of Excellence Project at KNUST, Kumasi, is to establish a Regional Water and Environmental Sanitation Centre, Kumasi (RWESCK) is hosted by the Department of Civil Engineering and seeks to offer post graduate training and research programmes for the public and private sectors in the West African Region. The project is supported by national, regional and international partners and KNUST Departments of Mathematics, Planning and Theoretical and Applied Biology. This four-year project officially starts from June 2014 with a funding of US$ 8,Million by the World Bank under the African Centres of Excellence Project. The main aim of the Centre is to achieve excellence through training and research of international standards in water, environmental sanitation and environment to create the needed critical mass of human resources and knowledge for influencing and directing national and regional policies. Prof. S. N. Odai, Project Director
The Activities of the Centre Include the Following;
Sanitation For Urban Poor Project (SaniUP)
Smart Sanitation is a collaboration with UNESCO-IHE to start a project titled Stimulating Local Innovation on Sanitation for the Urban Poor in sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia (Smart Sanitation) over a five (5) year period. This project is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to the tune of US$385,000 Overall, the project aims to:
These outputs shall be achieved through specially packaged research programme involving faculty members and the enrollment and successful graduation of
Three (3) PhDs and Fifteen (15)MSc students. Through an internationally competitive process the three PhD students have already been selected.
Dr. K. B. Nyarko, Project Leader.
Sanitation Knowledge Management Initiative.(SKMI)
The project focus is on:
Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) effectiveness, sustainability and cost studies, the main objective of this study is to measure the cost and effectiveness of
implementing CLTS and to determine the cost-benefit.
This project is funded with an amount of One Hundred and ninety-nine thousand pounds (£ 199,000). Dr. K. B. Nyarko, Project Leader